For pastoralist children in the isolated Afar region of Ethiopia, access to education has always been extremely limited. For girls, there is even less opportunity. The Afar Pastoralist Development Association (APDA), which began its first literacy program in 1996, is responding to the situation.
Since APDA started the literacy program, it has evolved to improve the coverage and quality of education in the Afar region, with an emphasis on education options that are appropriate for pastoralist children. While primary level education was being achieved in many areas through a combination of mobile and static education, the next challenge was to come up with a solution for how the children would continue their learning.
As an extension of the literacy program, APDA has been piloting a strategy that will ensure more girls gain access to education on an ongoing basis.
Through The Road Less Travelled, a partnership project led by Anglican Overseas Aid, APDA has established a student hostel in the town of Asayita. Pastoralist children from remote rural areas move to the town to live in the student hostel accommodation during the school term, so they have the opportunity to continue learning. The project supports the students to live while they attend the local government school from grade five onwards.
A key priority of the hostel is to increase girls’ participation in education – a challenge that has been met with some resistance from pastoralist communities. One factor that has helped to pave the way for Afar girls is the presence of the hostel house mother, Lako.
Lako is a mother from the same remote community as the students, and responded to APDA’s search for a volunteer house mother.
“They needed someone, so I said I’d go,” she says. “The best thing I can do is look after children. If our children learn, we can have a great future.”